Question 1:
Diagram 1 shows an experiment to study the effect of temperature on the growth of bacteria.

After 2 days, the appearance of the nutrient broth in each test tube is observed. The result recorded is shown in Table below.

(a) State the variables in this experiment.
(i) Manipulated variable [1 mark]
(ii) Responding variable [1 mark]

(b) State the hypothesis for this experiment[1 mark]

(c) State the inference that can be made based on this experiment. [1 mark]

(d) Based on this experiment, state the operational definition for bacteria. [1 mark]

(a)(i) Temperature

Growth of bacteria

A suitable temperature is essential for the growth of bacteria.

Bacteria growth very fast at 37oC

Bacteria are tiny living organisms which grow and reproduce themselves under a suitable temperature.