4.7.2 Enzymes (Structured Question 1 & 2)

Question 1:
Diagram I shows the organelles involved during the synthesis and secretion of an enzyme in an animal cell.

Name the organelles labelled J and L.

State the function of organelle M.
(b)(ii) Explain the role of organelle K in the synthesis of the enzyme.

Enzymes are widely used in our daily life and industries.
Explain how enzymes act in:
(i) helping to cook meat.
(ii) extracting agar from seaweeds.

(d) Diagram II shows the structure of an enzyme and three substrates W, X and Y.

Based on Diagram II, complete the schematic diagram below to show the mechanism of enzyme action on a suitable substrate.

J: Golgi apparatus
L: Secretory vesicles

Produces energy

K stores genetic information in the DNA and this information is transferred to the RNA which then carries it out to the cytoplasm.

Protease enzyme softens the meat.

Cellulase breaks down cell walls of seaweed and frees agar contained in it.


4.7.1 Proteins (Structured Question 1 & 2)

Question 1:
Diagram I shows two levels of organization in protein structure.

(a) In Diagram I, name the level of organization in the protein structures of P and Q.

Describe the structure of protein P.

Diagram II shows how protein P is broken down to form products.

(d) Explain how the products in Diagram II are formed.

State why animal proteins are first class protein.

Silk is an example of protein. A silk garment crumples when it is washed using hot water at a temperature of 65OC.
(i) Explain the above statement.

Based on the above statement, suggest two ways to maintain the quality of silk garments.

P: Primary structure
Q: Secondary structure

The linear sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain.

Protein P is broken down by an enzyme (polypeptidase) in hydrolysis to form dipeptides.

Because it contains all the 8 essential amino acids needed by humans. 

Silk is a protein fibre. High temperatures will reduce the strength of the hydrogen bonds and disrupt the structure, thus denaturation of the protein occurs.

1.Wash it in cold water
2. Do not wring
3. Do not expose to direct sunlight
4. Never use chlorine bleach on silk
(Choose any 2)