Matter exists in 3 states of matter, namely, solid state, liquid state and gaseous state.

Characteristics of Matter in Solid, Liquid and Gaseous State

Arrangement of Particles Particles are arranged in orderly manner and close to one another.
Particles are not arranged in order. The space between particles is moderately large.
The particles are very far apart and randomly arrange.
Movement of Particles Particles vibrate at fixed positions. Particles move randomly and slowly and sometimes will collide against each other. The particles move randomly in all directions at great speed.
Force of Attraction between particles very strong Strong but weaker than in the solid state. very weak
Ability to be compressed Very difficult to be compressed because the particles are packed closely. Not easily compressed because the particles are packed quite closely. Easily compressed because the particles are very far apart.
Volume Fixed Fixed Follows the container
Heat Energy content Lowest Energy Content Moderate energy content. Highest
energy content
Shape Fixed Follows the container Fills the whole container

Recommended Videos

States of Matter (solids, liquids and gases) | The Chemistry Journey | The Fuse School